Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 76, Issue 4, pp 468–480

Evaluating supervised haart in late-stage HIV among drug users: A preliminary report

Authors

    • Office of Special Populations/Center for Urban Epidemiologic StudiesNew York Academy of Medicine
  • Alan Berkman
    • Bronx-Lebanon Special Care Center
  • Rogelio Thomas
    • Bronx-Lebanon Special Care Center
  • David Hoos
    • AIDS InstituteNew York State Department of Health
  • Ruth Finkelstein
    • Office of Special Populations/Center for Urban Epidemiologic StudiesNew York Academy of Medicine
  • Jacquie Astemborski
    • Office of Special Populations/Center for Urban Epidemiologic StudiesNew York Academy of Medicine
  • David Vlahov
    • Office of Special Populations/Center for Urban Epidemiologic StudiesNew York Academy of Medicine
Original Articles

DOI: 10.1007/BF02351504

Cite this article as:
Greenberg, B., Berkman, A., Thomas, R. et al. J Urban Health (1999) 76: 468. doi:10.1007/BF02351504

Abstract

Objective

To examine response to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among a sample of treatment-experienced patients in the late stage of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in residential health care facilities (RHCFs) in New York City facilities designated for HIV/AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) when access and adherence are maximized.

Methods

Medical record review of 111 patients.

Results

Demographics were mean age 42 years; 58% male; 60% African-American; 31% Hispanic; 57% injection drug users (IDUs); 23% with history of dementia; 52% hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody seropositive; 80% on HAART, of whom 18% had lipodystrophy. Of 88 patients on HAART, 52% had a decreased viral load (>1/2log) versus 13% of 23 not on HAART (P<.05); a>1/2log viral load increase was seen in 8% and 35%, respectively (P<.05). Those with viral load increase were more likely than those with stable/decreased viral load to be IDUs (71% vs. 64%) and to have HCV seropositivity (86% vs. 53%), even with similar initial CD4+ cell count, viral load, and follow-up time.

Conclusion

In a predominantly minority IDU population who are treatment experienced, 50% of the patients successfully responded to treatment with supervised therapy. The RHCFs in New York City provide a unique opportunity to examine further factors associated with response to HAART in an environment in which medication administration and adherence are maximized and monitored carefully.

Key Words

Advanced HIVHAARTHepatitis C SeropositivityIDUsResidential Health Care FacilitiesSubstance AbuseViral Load

Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 1999