Ecological Research

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 115–120

Effects of Sika deer on the regeneration of aFagus crenata forest on Kinkazan Island, northern Japan

  • Seiki Takatsuki
  • Takuji Gorai

DOI: 10.1007/BF02347486

Cite this article as:
Takatsuki, S. & Gorai, T. Ecol. Res. (1994) 9: 115. doi:10.1007/BF02347486


Kinkazan Island, a sanctuary island that has been conserved for over 100 years, is inhabited by a Sika deer population of high density (60 km−2). AFagus crenata forest, a climax forest of this region, was composed of only large sized trees (30–60 cm diameter breast height) and lacked young trees. However, many saplings were found inside a deer proof fence, indicating this forest had a potential to produce seedlings. They were tentatively protected by shrubs ofLeucothoe grayana var.glabra, an upalatable ericaceous shrub, but did not exceed the shrub height. Heavy browsing by the deer suppressed recruitment of saplings ofF. crenata. The forest will be reduced without population control of the deer.

Key words

beech forestbrowsingFagus crenataregenerationseedlingSika deer

Copyright information

© Ecological Society of Japan 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seiki Takatsuki
    • 1
  • Takuji Gorai
    • 1
  1. 1.Biological Institute, Faculty of ScienceTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Kanaegaura High School, KesennumaMiyagi PrefectureJapan