, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 13-22

Optical phenomena in photoelastic models by the rotation of principal axes

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Abstract

The basic equations of three-dimensional photoelasticity are derived in a form which is simpler than that of equations known previously. Using the matrix representation of the solution of these equations, it is also shown that when rotation of principal axes is present there always exist two perpendicular directions of polarizer by which the light emerging from the model is linearly polarized. These polarization directions of the incident and emergent light are named primary and secondary characteristic directions, respectively. The experimental determination of characteristic directions, as well as of the phase retardation, gives three equations on every light path to determine the stress components in a three-dimensional model. A general algorithm of the method of characteristic directions is presented, and its application by determination of stress in shells by normal and tangential incidence is described. A further extension of the method to the general axisymmetric problem has been suggested.