, Volume 32, Issue 3-4, pp 155-161

The effect of electric field strength, buffer type and concentration on separation parameters in capillary zone electrophoresis

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Probe solutes were used to investigate the effect of buffer type, concentration and applied voltage on solute mobility, column efficiency and resolution in capillary zone electrophoresis. With low conductivity buffers higher concentrations and/or higher voltages could be used to improve column efficiency and resolution. Doubling the concentration of the buffer doubles the amount of heat generated inside the column while doubling the applied voltage cause a 4-fold increase. Solute migration time is approximately an inverse function of the charge density of the buffer's cation. Analysis time is increased by about 30% if the buffer concentration is doubled while it is cut in half if the applied voltage is doubled. Column efficiency is improved (higher theoretical plate count) with increasing buffer concentration and/or applied voltage as long as the heat generated is efficiently dissipated. The separation factor is directly related to analysis time and, therefore, selectivity improves with increasing buffer concentration but decreases with increasing applied voltage. Hence, resolution is optimized by increasing buffer concentration at a moderate applied voltage.