Experimental Mechanics

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 269–276

2D and 3D separation of stresses using automated photoelasticity

  • S. J. Haake
  • E. A. Patterson
  • Z. F. Wang
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF02318018

Cite this article as:
Haake, S.J., Patterson, E.A. & Wang, Z.F. Experimental Mechanics (1996) 36: 269. doi:10.1007/BF02318018

Abstract

A procedure for the separation of full-field photoelastic images for use with an automated polariscope is described. Regions of background in the image are identified thus producing the boundary of the model. The shear difference method is used to calculate the components of stress along all raster lines in the image using photoelastic parameters at the boundary points to calculate the initial values of stress. Algorithms were also used to evaluate the stress components along raster lines which did not contain boundary points. A plastic template was used to evaluate the efficiency of the boundary routine. It was found that it was able to identify edges to within approximately one pixel on screen. The complete procedure for stress separation was evaluated using a stress frozen disc in compression and a turbine slot. The values of stress found using the automated polariscope with the stress-separation procedure were found to agree well with theory and with results determined using the method of Tardy compensation and manual analysis. The automated polariscope was also used to analyze three-dimensional stress components along arbitrary lines of a 3D model. A two-model slicing regime was used to analyze a strut subjected to a vertical load. This work was compared to results obtained by Frocht and Guernsey on an identical model machined from Fosterite and subjected to a higher load. Good agreement was found between the results for points away from the region of loading. Significant differences were found near to the load point, however. A finite element analysis of the same problem suggested that this was due to the effects of plasticity.

Key Words

photoelasticitythree-dimensionalautomation

Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. J. Haake
    • 1
  • E. A. Patterson
    • 1
  • Z. F. Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Process EngineeringUniversity of SheffieldSheffield