, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 321–332

A general rotation criterion and its use in orthogonal rotation

  • Charles B. Crawford
  • George A. Ferguson

DOI: 10.1007/BF02310792

Cite this article as:
Crawford, C.B. & Ferguson, G.A. Psychometrika (1970) 35: 321. doi:10.1007/BF02310792


Measures of test parsimony and factor parsimony are defined. Minimizing their weighted sum produces a general rotation criterion for either oblique or orthogonal rotation. The quartimax, varimax and equamax criteria are special cases of the expression. Two new criteria are developed. One of these, the parsimax criterion, apparently gives excellent results. It is argued that one of the most important factors bearing on the choice of a rotation criterion for a particular problem is the amount of information available on the number of factors that should be rotated.

Copyright information

© Psychometric Society 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles B. Crawford
    • 1
  • George A. Ferguson
    • 1
  1. 1.McGill UniversityMontreal
  2. 2.Simon Fraser UniversityBurnaby 2

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