A reply: Media and methods

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Media and methods together influence learning. This article illustrates an approach to research that allows us to look at the cognitive mechanisms by which learners interact with instructional designs and use media and methods to construct understanding. It critiques Clark's (1994) replaceability challenge.

The project described in this article was performed pursuant to grant number USE-9150617 and grant number RED-9353614 from the National Science Foundation. The opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the National Science Foundation or SRI International.