, Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 223–231

A comparison of factor analysis programs in SPSS, BMDP, and SAS

  • Robert MacCallum

DOI: 10.1007/BF02294017

Cite this article as:
MacCallum, R. Psychometrika (1983) 48: 223. doi:10.1007/BF02294017


Factor analysis programs in SAS, BMDP, and SPSS are discussed and compared in terms of documentation, methods and options available, internal logic, computational accuracy, and results provided. Some problems with respect to logic and output are described. Based on these comparisons, recommendations are offered which include a clear overall preference for SAS, and advice against general use of SPSS for factor analysis.

Key words

computer program packagesfactor analysis

Copyright information

© The Psychometric society 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert MacCallum
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOhio State UniversityColumbus