Instrumental variables in factor analysis
First Online: 01 June 1964 Received: 02 April 1963 Revised: 12 October 1963 DOI:
Cite this article as: Madansky, A. Psychometrika (1964) 29: 105. doi:10.1007/BF02289693 Abstract
The factor analysis model is rewritten as a system of linear structural relations with errors in variables. The method of instrumental variables is applied to this revised form of the model to obtain estimates of the factor loading matrix. The relation between this method and interbattery analysis, proportional profile analysis, and canonical factor analysis is pointed out. In addition, an estimation procedure based on replicated sampling different from proportional profile analysis is given.
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© Psychometric Society 1964