, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 367-383

Substance abuse treatment for women: Changes in the settings where women received treatment and types of services provided, 1987–1998

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Changes in social policies during the last 2 decades have had major implications for the provision of substance abuse treatment services to women. The goal of this analysis was to examine (a) changes in the proportion of women clients served within different types of treatment facilities and (b) the services provided in these facilities. Data were analyzed from national surveys of treatment providers for the period of 1987 to 1998. Overall, there were gradual increases in the proportion of women clients across treatment facilities and greater concentrations of women in more intensive treatment modalities. The provision of childcare increased over time, particularly in programs with only women clients. Treatment facilities in which there were higher proportions of women generally had higher rates of providing services related to pregnancy, parenting, and domestic violence. These findings can be used to assess the adequacy of service delivery to women in substance abuse treatment.