, Volume 17, Issue 9, pp 481–485

Practical aspects of the dependence of polarity on temperature

  • K. Grob
  • G. Grob

DOI: 10.1007/BF02263269

Cite this article as:
Grob, K. & Grob, G. Chromatographia (1983) 17: 481. doi:10.1007/BF02263269


It is not commonly appreciated that retention indices are temperature dependent. It is even less common to express this fact in more practical terms by saying that polarity is temperature dependent. Although the meaning of both statements is identical, we believe the second to be particularly relevant, since the majority of practical gas chromatographers tends to handle polarity as an invariable characteristic of a stationary phase.

The variability of polarity with temperature is the major source of inadequate reproducibility of exact finger-printing, this particularly when gc/ms traces have to be compared to those obtained by pure gc. On the other hand, the temperature dependence provides a practical means to optimize the polarity of a given column for a given analysis. Film thickness is an essential parameter in this context because of its influence on column temperature and, therefore, on column polarity.

Key Words

PolarityStationary phasesTemperature dependenceGC

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Grob
    • 1
  • G. Grob
    • 1
  1. 1.GC-LaboratoryETH Zürich; EAWAGDübendorfSwitzerland