Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 53-58

First online:

Pockmarks in the floor of Penobscot Bay, Maine

  • Kathryn M. ScanlonAffiliated withU.S. Geological Survey
  • , Harley J. KnebelAffiliated withU.S. Geological Survey

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Hundreds of depressions (pockmarks) were found within a 40 square kilometer area of the sea floor near the head of Penobscot Bay, Maine. These roughly circular depressions range in diameter from 10 to 300 meters and extend as much as 30 meters below the surrounding sea floor. The pockmarks have formed in marine mud of Holocene age, which unconformably overlies glaciomarine deposits.

The presence of shallow interstitial gas in the mud suggests that the pockmarks are related to the excipe of gas from the sediments, although other factors must be involved.