The effects of L-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine on the total norepinephrine and dopamine concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid and freezing gait in parkinsonian patients

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


We studied the effects of L-threo-DOPS (L-DOPS) on the concentrations of total (conjugated and unconjugated) dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of parkinsonian patients with freezing phenomenon. The NE concentration increased remarkably and dose-dependently after administration of L-DOPS in both L-dopa/carbidopa-pretreated and untreated patients. The DA concentration also increased mildly but significantly in L-dopa/carbidopa-untreated patients. Freezing phenomenon improved in 6 out of 8 patients at Hoehn and Yahr's stage III, and 1 out of 5 patients at stage IV. These results indicate that L-DOPS administration increases the NE concentration dosedependently, and is effective for freezing of gait of moderate severity.