Host plant growth response to inoculation with Frankia
Cite this article as: Bernie Steele, D., Ramirez, K. & Stowers, M.D. Plant Soil (1989) 118: 139. doi:10.1007/BF02232799 Abstract
Optimum growth conditions and inoculation regimes were determined for several
Frankia strains isolated from both Alnus and Casuarina host plants. Growth conditions were estabilished that allowed a reduction in generation time to less than 15 hours for certain Alnus derived Frankia. Differences in plant growth response were observed with differing inoculum levels and soil mixtures. Elite strains of Alnus derived Frankia were isolated that elicited similar growth reponses in all Alnus species tested; however, differences were observed between Frankia strains and plant growth response of various Casuarina species tested. Key words actinorhizal Alnus Casuarina symbiosis References
Benson D R, Mazzucco C E and Browning T J 1985 Physiological aspects of
Frankia. In Nitrogen Fixation and CO 2 Metabolism. Eds. P W Ludden and J E Burris. pp 175–182. Elsevier Science Publishing,
Bradford M M 1976 A rapid and sensitive method for the quantification of microgram quantities of protein using the principle of protein dye binding. Anal. Biochem. 72, 248–254.
Burggraaf A J P and Shipton W A 1982 Estimates of
Frankia growth under various pH and temperature regimes. Plant and Soil 69, 135–147.
Davey C B and Wollum A G II 1984 Nitrogen fixation systems in forest plantations.
In Nutrition of Plantation Forests. Eds. G D Bowen and E K S Nambiar. pp 361–377. Academic Press, London.
Eckholm E 1980 Firewood Crops. pp 1–9. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC.
Hoagland D R and Arnon D I 1950 The Water Culture Method for Growing Plants Without Soil. Calif. Agr. Exp. Stat. Circ. 347, Berkeley, CA.
Lalonde M, Calvert H E and Pine S 1982 Isolation and use of
Frankia strains in actinorhizal formation. In Current Perspectives in Nitrogen Fixation. Eds. A H Gibson and W E Newton, pp 296–299. Australian Academy of Science, Canberra.
Murry M A, Fontaine M S and Torrey J G 1984 Growth kinetics and nitrogenase induction in
Frankia sp. HFP ArI3 grown in batch culture. Plant and Soil 78, 61–79.
Myers N 1980 Conversion of Tropical Moist Forests. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC.
Rosbrook P A and Bowen G D 1987 The abilities of three
Frankia isolates to nodulate and fix nitrogen with four species of Casuarina. Physiol. Plant. 70, 373–377.
Stowers M D 1987 Collection, isolation, cultivation and maintenance of
Frankia. In Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation Technology. Ed. G H Elkan. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.
Stowers M D, Kulkarni R K and Steele D B 1986 Intermediary carbon metabolism in
Frankia. Arch. Microbiol. 143, 319–324.
Stowers M D and Smith J E 1985 Inoculation and production container-grown red alder seedlings. Plant and Soil 87, 153–160.
© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989