Physiological, affective, and behavioral responses to interpersonal conflict among males from families with different levels of cohesion and adaptability
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
To examine the relation between characteristics of a person's family of origin and cardiovascular, behavioral, cognitive, and affective response to interpersonal conflict, responses of 15 young males from families rated as extreme (EXT) on scales of cohesion (enmeshed or disengaged) or adaptability (chaotic or rigid) were compared to those of 25 young males from families rated as balanced (BAL) on measures of cohesion and adaptability. Subjects participated in two interpersonal role-play conflict situations, one with a male confederate and the other with a female confederate. Measures of heart rate (HR), blood pressure, and indices of both positive and negative verbal and nonverbal behaviors were obtained during each scenario and self-reported measures of positive and negative cognitive self-statements and affective response were obtained following each conflict scene. Results showed that, in contrast to BAL males, EXT males exhibited more negative verbal and nonverbal behavior, less positive nonverbal behavior, higher ratings of state anxiousness during conflict, and higher HR responses during the interaction with the male confederate than the female confederate. These findings suggest that exposure to a family environment with extreme levels of cohesion and adaptability impacts how an individual responds to interpersonal conflict in young adulthood.
- Baer, P. E., Reed, J., Bartlett, P. C., Vincent, J. P., Williams, B. J., & Bourianoff, G. G. (1983). Studies of gaze aversion during induced conflict in families with a hypertensive father.Psychosomatic Medicine, 45, 233–242.
- Beavers, W. R., Hampson, R. B., & Hulgas, Y. (1985). Commentary: The Beavers Systems approach to family assessment.Family Process, 24, 398–408. CrossRef
- Burman, B., John, R. S., & Margolin, G. (1992). Observed patterns of conflict in violent, nonviolent, and nondistressed couples.Behavioral Assessment, 14, 15–37.
- Edguer, N., & Janisse, M. P. (1994). Type A behavior and aggression: Provocation, conflict and cardiovascular responsivity in the Buss teacher-learner paradigm.Personality and Individual Differences, 17, 377–393. CrossRef
- Ewart, C. K., Burnett, K. F., & Taylor, C. B. (1983). Communication behaviors that affect blood pressure: An A-B-A-B analysis of marital interaction.Behavior Modification, 7, 331–344.
- Franklin, C., & Street, C. L. (1993). Validity of the 3-D Circumplex Model for family assessment.Research on Social Work Practice, 3, 258–275.
- Glass, C. R., Merluzzi, T. V., Biever, J. L., & Larsen, K. H. (1982). Cognitive assessment of social anxiety: Development and validation of a self-statement questionnaire.Cognitive Therapy and Research, 6, 37–55. CrossRef
- Gottman, J. M., Jacobson, N. S., Rushe, R. H., & Short, J. W. (1995). The relationship between heart rate reactivity, emotionally aggressive behavior, and general violence in batterers.Journal of Family Psychology, 9, 277–248. CrossRef
- Green, R. G., Harris, R. N., Forte, J. A., & Robinson, M. (1991). Evaluating FACES III and the Circumplex Model: 2,440 families.Family Process, 30, 55–73. CrossRef
- Henggeler, S. W., Burr-Harris, A. W., Borduin, C. M., & McCallum, G. (1991). Use of Family Adaptability and Cohension Evaluation Scales in child clinical research.Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 19, 53–63. CrossRef
- Hops, H., Mills, T. A., Patterson, G. R., & Weiss, R. L. (1972).Marital Interaction Coding System. Eugene: Oregon Research Institute.
- Lassner, J. B., Matthews, K. A., & Stoney, C. M. (1994). Are cardiovascular reactors to asocial stress also reactors to social stress.Journal of Personality and social Psychology, 66, 69–77. CrossRef
- Manuck, S. B. (1994). Cardiovascular reactivity in cardiovascular disease: Once more unto the breach.International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 1, 4–31.
- Moos, R. H., & Moos, B. S. (1996).Family Environment Scale manual, 2nd ed. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologist Press.
- Olson, D. H. (1985). Family measurement techniques.American Journal of Family Therapy, 13, 76–78.
- Olson, D. H. (1986). Circumplex Model VII: Validation studies and FACES III.Family Process, 25, 337–351. CrossRef
- Olson, D. H. (1991). Commentary: Three-dimensional (3-D) circumplex model and revised scoring of FACES III.Family Process, 30, 74–79. CrossRef
- Olson, D. H. (1992). Personal Communication. In Franklin, C. & Street, C. L. (1993). Validity of the 3-D circumplex model for family assessment.Research on Social Work Practice, 3, 258–275.
- Olson, D. H., & Killorin, E. (1984).Clinical rating scale for Circumplex Model. St. Paul: Department of Family Social Science, University of Minnesota.
- Olson, D. H., Portner, J., & Bell, R. (1982).FACES II: Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scales. St. Paul: University of Minnesota.
- Olson, D. H., Portner, J., & Lavee, Y. (1985).FACES III, St. Paul: Family Social Science, University of Minnesota.
- Olson, D. H., Russell, C., & Sprenkle, D. (1989).Faces III manual. St. Paul: Family Social Science, University of Minnesota.
- Roderick, J. D., Henggeler, S. W., & Hanson, C. I. (1986). An evaluation of family adaptability and cohesion evaluation scales (FACES) and the circumplex model.Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 14, 77–87. CrossRef
- Russell, C. (1980). A methodological study of family cohesion and adaptability.Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 6, 459–470.
- Semenchuk, E. M., & Larkin, K. T. (1993). Behavioral and cardiovascular responses to interpersonal challenges among male offspring of essential hypertensives.Health Psychology, 12, 416–419. CrossRef
- Shapiro, D., Jamner, L. D., Lane, J. D., Light, K. C., Myrtek, M., Sawada, Y., & Steptoe, A. (1996). Blood pressure publication guidelines.Psychophysiology, 33, 1–12.
- Spielberger, C. D. (1988).State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory: Professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
- Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., & Lushene, R. (1970).State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
- Stoney, C. M. (1992). The role of reproductive hormones in cardiovascular and neuroendocrine function during behavioral stress. In J. R. Turner, A. Sherwood, & K. C. Light (Eds.),Individual differences in cardiovascular response to stress (pp. 147–163). New York: Plenum Press.
- Vandvik, I. H., & Eckblad, G. F. (1993). FACES III and the Kveback Family Sculpture Technique as measures of cohesion and closeness.Family Process, 32, 221–233. CrossRef
- Woodall, K. L., & Matthews, K. A. (1989). Familial environment associated with Type A behaviors and psychophysiological responses to stress in children.Health Psychology, 8, 403–426. CrossRef
- Wright, L. B., Treiber, F. A. Davis, H., Strong, W. B., Levy, M., Van Huss, E., & Batchelor, C. (1993). Relationship between family environment and children's hemodynamic response to stress: A longitudinal evaluation.Behavioral Medicine, 19, 115–121.
- Physiological, affective, and behavioral responses to interpersonal conflict among males from families with different levels of cohesion and adaptability
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Volume 18, Issue 3 , pp 239-254
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- family environment
- cardiovascular response to stress
- interpersonal conflict
- behavioral response to stress
- family cohesion
- family adaptability