Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 227–239

The effects of haloperidol on discrimination learning and behavioral symptoms in autistic children

  • Lowell T. Anderson
  • Magda Campbell
  • Phillip Adams
  • Arthur M. Small
  • Richard Perry
  • Juanita Shell
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF02211843

Cite this article as:
Anderson, L.T., Campbell, M., Adams, P. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (1989) 19: 227. doi:10.1007/BF02211843

Abstract

This double-blind and placebo-controlled clinical trial in autistic children had three objectives: (a) to replicate earlier findings that haloperidol administration is associated with a significant reduction of behavioral symptoms; (b) to further assess its safety when given on a short-term basis: and (c) to assess whether it has an effect on discrimination learning. Forty-five children, 2.02 to 7.58 years old (M=4.49), completed this crossover design, with random assignment to treatment sequences. Haloperidol was shown to be a powerful therapeutic agent when administered for 4 weeks and free of side effects; at doses ranging from 0.25 to 4.0 mg/day (M=0.844), there was a clinically and statistically significant reduction of a variety of symptoms. Under the given conditions, the children failed to learn on either haloperidol or placebo.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lowell T. Anderson
    • 1
  • Magda Campbell
    • 1
  • Phillip Adams
    • 2
  • Arthur M. Small
    • 1
  • Richard Perry
    • 1
  • Juanita Shell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryNew York University Medical CenterNew York
  2. 2.New York State Psychiatric InstituteUSA