Identifying the variables maintaining self-injurious behavior
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Reliability and validity data are reported for an instrument designed to identify variables maintaining self-injurious behavior. The Motivation Assessment Scale (MAS) is a 16-item questionnaire that addresses the situational determinants of self-injurious behavior in persons with autism and other developmental disorders. The reliability study indicated that teachers of 50 developmentally disabled persons could agree on the variables presumably maintaining their student's self-injury (interrater reliability), and that they would be in agreement again 30 days later (test-retest reliability). The validity study indicated that teacher's ratings on the MAS of 8 subjects' self-injury predicted how their students would behave in analogue situations. Specifically, the MAS predicted the subjects' self-injurious behavior in situations with decreased adult attention, with increased academic demands, with restricted access to tangibles, and in unstructured settings. The MAS is presented as an alternative or adjunct to more formal functional analyses in efforts to identify the variables controlling selfinjurious behavior.
- American Psychiatric Association. (1980).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, D.C.: Author.
- Carr, E. G. (1977). The motivation of self-injurious behavior: A review of some hypotheses.Psychological Bulletin, 84, 800–816.
- Carr, E. G., & Durand, V.M. (1985b). Reducing behavior problems through functional communication training.Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 18, 111–126.
- Carr, E. G., & Durand, V. M. (1985b). The social-communicative basis of severe behavior problems in children. In S. Reiss & R. Bootzin (Eds.),Theoretical issues in behavior therapy (pp. 219–254). New York: Academic Press.
- Carr, E. G., Newsom, C. D., & Binkoff, J. A. (1976). Stimulus control of self-destructive behavior in a psychotic child.Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 4, 139–153.
- Durand, V. M. (1982). Analysis and intervention of self-injurious behavior.Journal of the Association for the Severely Handicapped, 7, 44–53.
- Durand, V. M. (1986). Self-injurious behavior as intentional communication. In K. D. Gadow (Ed.),Advances in learning and behavioral disabilities (Vol. 5, pp. 143–157). Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press.
- Durand, V. M., & Carr, E. G. (1985). Self-injurious behavior: Motivating Conditions and guidelines for treatment.School Psychology Review, 14, 171–176.
- Durand, V. M., & Carr, E. E. (1987). Social influences on “self-stimulatory” behavior: Analysis and treatment application.Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 20, 119–132.
- Durand, V. M., & Crimmins, D. B. (1987). Assesmment and treatment of psychotic speech in an autistic child.Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 17, 17–28.
- Edelson, S. M., Taubman, M. T., & Lovaas, O. I. (1983). Some social contexts of self-destructive behavior.Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 11, 299–312.
- Evans, I. M., & Meyer, L. H. (1985).An educative approach to behavior problems: A practical decision model for intervention with severely handicapped learners. Baltimore: P. H. Brookes.
- Favell, J. E., McGimsey, J. F., & Jones, M. L. (1978). The use of physical restraint in the treatment of self-injury and as positive reinforcement.Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 11, 225–241.
- Iwata, B. A., Dorsey, M. F., Slifer, K. J., Bauman, K. E., & Richman, G. S. (1982). Toward a functional analysis of self-injury.Analysis and Intervention in Developmental Disabilities, 2, 3–20.
- Leiter, R. G. (1969).The Leiter International Performance Scale. Chicago:Stoelting.
- Lovaas, O. I. (1982). Comments on self-destructive behaviors.Analysis and Intervention in Developmental Disabilities, 2, 115–124.
- Lovaas, O. I., Freitag, G., Gold, V. J. & Kassorla, I. C. (1965). Experimental studies in childhood schizophrenia: Analysis of self-destructive behavior.Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2, 67–84.
- Rincover, A., & Devany, J. (1982). The application of sensory extinction procedures to selfinjury.Analysis and Intervention in Developmental Disabilities, 2, 67–81.
- Sulzer-Azaroff, B., & Meyer, G. R. (1977).Applying behavior analysis procedures with children and youth. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
- Identifying the variables maintaining self-injurious behavior
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume 18, Issue 1 , pp 99-117
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors