, Volume 90, Issue 3, pp 581-603

Equivalence of the generalized complementarity problem to differentiable unconstrained minimization

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We consider an unconstrained minimization reformulation of the generalized complementarity problem (GCP). The merit function introduced here is differentiable and has the property that its global minimizers coincide with the solutions of GCP. Conditions for its stationary points to be global minimizers are given. Moreover, it is shown that the level sets of the merit function are bounded under suitable assumptions. We also show that the merit function provides global error bounds for GCP. These results are based on a condition which reduces to the condition of the uniform P-function when GCP is specialized to the nonlinear complementarity problem. This condition also turns out to be useful in proving the existence and uniqueness of a solution for GCP itself. Finally, we obtain as a byproduct an error bound result with the natural residual for GCP.

Communicated by P. Tseng
We thank Jong-Shi Pang for his valuable comments on error bound results with the natural residual for the nonlinear complementarity problem. We are also grateful to the anonymous referees for some helpful comments. The research of the second author was supported in part by the Science Research Grant-in-Aid from the Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture, Japan.