Vegetation effects on microclimate in lowland tropical forest in Costa Rica
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The temperature and atmospheric humidity in a tropical lowland rain forest in Costa Rica were measured in order to assess the microclimate in different forest environments. Two disturbed sites, a single tree fall gap (400 m2) and an 0.5 hectare clearing, were compared for periods up to two years after disturbance. Two locations in primary forest, the canopy and understory, were also monitored. Temperatures were highest in the clearing, intermediate in the canopy and gap which were similar, and lowest in the understory. Vapor pressure deficits (VPD) were highest in the clearing, followed by the canopy, the gap and the understory. With regrowth of the vegetation in the gap and clearing sites, the temperatures and vapor pressure deficits significantly decreased. After 1 year, the microclimate at seedling height in the clearing resembled that of the gap, and after two years the microclimate of the gap was very similar to that of the understory. Seasonal differences in temperature and VPD were small compared to differences caused by changes in the stature of the vegetation.
- BAYNTON, H. W., HAMILTON, H. L., Jr., SHEER, P. E. and WORTH, J. J. B. (1965): Temperature structure in and above a tropical forest. Q. Jl. R. Met. Soc. 91: 225–232.
- BAZZAZ, F. A. and PICKETT, S. T. A. (1980): Physiological ecology of tropical succession: A comparative review. Ann. Rev. Eco. Syst. 11: 287–310.
- CACHAN, P. (1963): Signification écologique des variations microclimatiques verticales dans la forêt sempervirente de basse Côte d'Ivoire. Ann. Fac. Sci. Dakar 8: 89–155.
- CACHAN, P. and DUVAL, J. (1962): Variations microclimatiques verticales et saisonnières dans la forêt sempervirente de basse Côte d'Ivoire. Ann. Fac. Sci. Dakar 8: 5–87.
- CAMPBELL, G.S. (1977): An Introduction to Environmental Biophysics. Springer-Verlag, New York.
- CHAZDON, R. L. and FETCHER, N. (1984): Photosynthesic light environments in a lowland tropical rainforest in Costa Rica. J. Ecol. 72: 553–564.
- CONOVER, W. J. (1971): Practical Nonparametic Statistics. Wiley, New York.
- DENSLOW, J. S. (1980): Gap partitioning among tropical rainforest trees. Biotropica 12 (suppl.): 47–55.
- EVANS, G. C. (1939): Ecological studies on the rain forest of southern Nigeria. II. The atmospheric environmental conditions. J. Ecol. 27: 436–482.
- GEIGER, R. (1961): Das Klima der bodennahen Luftschicht: ein Lehrbuch der Mikroklimatologie. 4th edition, Braunschweig.
- GOODNIGHT, C. J. and GOODNIGHT, M. L. (1956): Some observations in a tropical rain forest in Chiapas, Mexico. Ecology 37: 139–150.
- GRUBB, P. J. and WHITMORE, T. C. (1966): A comparison of montane and lowland rain forest in Ecuador. II. The climate and its effects on the distribution and physiognomy of the forests. J. Ecol. 54: 303–333.
- HALES, W. B. (1949): Microclimatology in the tropics. Bull. Am. Met. Soc. 30: 124–137.
- HARTSHORN, G. S. (1980): Neotropical forest dynamics. Biotropica 12 (suppl.): 23–30.
- HOLDRIDGE, L. R., GRENKE, W.C., HATHEWAY, W. H., LIANG, T. and TOSI, J. A. Jr. (1971): Forest Environments in Tropical Life Zones. A Pilot Study. Pergamon, Oxford.
- LAWSON, G. W., ARMSTRONG-MENSAH, K. O. and HALL, J. B. (1970): A catena in tropical moist semi-deciduous forest near Kade, Ghana. J. Ecol. 58: 371–398.
- ODUM, H. T., DREWRY, G. and KLINE, J. R. (1970): Climate at El Verde 1963–1966. In: A Tropical Rainforest. H.T. Odum and R. F. Pigeon (eds.) USAEC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, B347-B418.
- PINKER, R. (1980): The microclimate of a dry tropical forest. Agric. Meteorol. 22: 249–265.
- READ, R. G. (1977): Microclimate as background environment for ecological studies of insects in a tropical forest. J. Appl. Meteorol. 16: 1282–1291.
- SCHULZ, J. P. (1960): Ecological Studies on Rainforest in Northern Suriname. N.V. Noord-Hollandsche Uitgevers Maatschappij; Amsterdam.
- THOMPSON, O. E. and PINKER, R. T. (1975): Wind and temperature profile characteristics in a tropical evergreen forest in Thailand. Tellus 27: 562–573.
- WHITMORE, T. C. (1982): On pattern and process in forests. In: The Plant Community as a Working Mechanism. E. I. Newman (ed.), Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 45–59.
- Vegetation effects on microclimate in lowland tropical forest in Costa Rica
International Journal of Biometeorology
Volume 29, Issue 2 , pp 145-155
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors