Allen M F, Smith W K, Moore T S and Christensen M 1981 Comparative water relations and photosynthesis of mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizalBouteloua gracilis H.B.K. Lag ex Steud. New Phytol. 88, 683–693.
Association of Official Agricultural Chemists 1965 Chapter 2. Fertilizers. Ed. W Horwitz. pp. 11–12. AOAC, Washington, D.C.
Barnard E L and Jorgensen J R 1977 Respiration of field-grown loblolly pine roots as influenced by temperature and root type. Can. J. Bot. 55, 740–743.
Bigelow D S, Scott G R and Adamsen F J 1982 Automated methods for ammonium, nitrate and nitrite in 2M KCL-PMA soil extracts. (In prep.).
Bingham G E 1980 Leaf area measurement of pine needles.In Instruction Manual. LI-1600 steady state porometer. LI-COR, Inc./LI-COR, Ltd., Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
Bjorkman E 1942 Uber die Bedingungen der Mykorrhizabildung bei Kiefer und Fichte. Symb. Bot. Upsal. 6, 1–191.
Bjorkman E 1970 Mycorrhiza and tree nutrition in poor forest soils. Stud. Forstl. Suec. 83, 1–24.
Borchers-Zampini C, Glamm A B, Hoddinott J and Swanson C A 1980 Alterations in sourcesink patterns by modifications of source strength. Plant Physiol. 65, 1116–1120.
Bremner J M and Tabatabai MA 1972 Use of an ammonia electrode for determination of ammonium in Kjeldahl. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 3, 159–165.
Brix H 1981 Effects of nitrogen fertilizer source and application rates on foliar nitrogen concentration, photosynthesis, and growth of Douglas-fir. Can. J. For. Res. 11, 775–780.
Hackaylo E 1957 Mycorrhiza of trees with special emphasis on physiology of ectotrophic types. Ohio J. Sci. 57, 350–357.
Hacskaylo E 1973 Carbohydrate physiology of ectomycorrhizae.In Ectomycorrhizae: Their Ecology and Physiology. Eds. G C Marks and T T Kozlowski. pp 207–230. Academic press, New York.
Harley J L and Lewis D H 1969 The physiology of ectotrophic mycorrhizas.In Advances in Microbial Physiology, Vol. 3. Eds. A H Rose and J F Wilkinson. pp 53–80. Academic press, New York.
Hatch A B 1937 The physical basis of mycotrophy in the genus Pinus. Black Rock For. Bull. 6. 188 p.
Hoagland D R and Arnon D I 1950 The water-culture method for growing plants without soil. Calif. Agric. Exp. Stn. Circ. 347. (Revised edition).
Hocking D 1971 Preparation and use of a nutrient solution for culturing seedlings of lodgepole pine and white spruce, with selected bibliography. North. For. Res. Cent. Inf. Rep. Nor-X-1, 14 p. Can. For. Serv. Dep. Environ., Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Kidd F A, Wullschleger S D, Dawley K and Reid C P P 1982 Use of gentamicin in axenic culturing of ectomycorrhizal plants. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 44, 506–508.
Ledig F T 1976 Physiological genetics, photosynthesis and growth models.In Tree Physiology and Yield Improvement. Eds. M G Cannell and F T Last pp 21–54. Academic press. New York.
Lister G R, Slankis V, Krotkov G and Nelson C D 1968 The growth and physiology ofPinus strobus L. seedlings as affected by various nutritional levels of nitrogen and phosphorus. Ann. Bot. (N.S.) 32, 33–43.
Longstreth D J and Nobel P S 1980 Nutrient influences on leaf photosynthesis. Effects of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium forGossypium hirsutum L. Plant Physiol. 65, 541–543.
Lösel D M and Cooper K M 1979 Incorporation of14C-labelled substrates by uninfected and VA mycorrhizal roots of onion. New Phytol. 83, 415–426.
Marx D H and Bryan W C 1971 Formation of ectomycorrhizae on half-sib progenies of slash pine in aseptic culture. For. Sci. 17, 488–492.
Marx D H and Bryan W C 1975 Growth and ectomycorrhizal development of loblolly pine seedlings in fumigated soils infested with the fungal symbiontPisolithus tinctorius. For. Sci. 21, 245–254.
Murphy J and Riley J P 1962 A modified single solution method for determination of phosphate in natural waters. Anal. Chem. Acta. 27, 31–36.CrossRef
Nátr L 1975 Influence of mineral nutrition on photosynthesis and the use of assimilates.In Photosynthesis and Productivity in Different Environments. Ed. J P Cooper. pp 537–555. IBP Programme 3, Cambridge University press, Cambridge.
Neales T F, Treharne K J and Wareing P F 1971 A relationship between net photosynthesis, diffusive resitance, and carboxylating enzyme activity in bean leaves.In Photosynthesis and Respiration. Eds. M D Hatch, C B Osmond and R O Slatyer. pp 89–96. Wiley-Inter-science, New York.
Nelson C D 1964 The production and translocation of photosynthate C14 in conifers.In The Formation of Wood in Forest Trees. Ed. M H Zimmermann. pp 243–257 Academic press, New York.
Osman A M, Goodman P J and Cooper J P 1977 The effects of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on rates of growth and photosynthesis of wheat. Photosynthetica 11, 66–75.
Osman A M and Milthorpe F L 1971 Photosynthesis of wheat leaves in relation to age, illumination and nutrient supply. II. Results. Photosynthetica 5, 61–70.
Paul E A and Kucey R M N 1981 Carbon flow in plant microbial associations. Science 213, 473–474.
Reid C P P and Woods F W 1969 Translocation of14C-labeled compounds in mycorrhizae and its implications in interplant nutrient cycling. Ecology 50, 179–187.
Routien J B and Dawson R F 1943 Some interrelations of growth, salt absorption, respiration and mycorrhizal development inPinus echinata. Am. J. Bot. 30, 440–451.
Schweers W and Meyer F H 1970 Einfluss der Mykorrhiza auf den Transport von Assimilaten in die Wurzel. Ber. Dtsch. Bot. Ges. 83, 109–119.
Shemakhonova N M 1962 Mycotrophy in woody plants. Akad. Nauk. SSSR. Inst. Mikrobiol. Moskva (US Dep. Commerce Transl. 1967).
Shiroya T, Lister G R, Slankis V, Krotkov G and Nelson C D 1962 Translocation of the products of photosynthesis to the roots of pine seedlings. Can. J. Bot. 40, 1125–1135.
Slankis V 1973 Hormonal relationships in mycorrhizal development.In Ectomycorrhizae: Their Ecology and Physiology. Eds. G C Marks and T T Kozlowski. pp 231–298. Academic press, New York.
Smith D, Muscatine L and Lewis D 1969 Carbohydrate movement from autotrophs to heterotrophs in parasitic and mutualistic symbiosis. Biol. Rev. 44, 17–90.PubMed
Steel R G D and Torrie J H 1980 Principles and procedures of statistics. A biometric approach. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York. 633 p.
Swada S, Igarashi T and Miyachi S 1982 Effects of nutritional levels of phosphate on photosynthesis and growth studied with single, rooted leaf of dwarf bean. Plant Cell Physiol. 23, 27–33.
Thomas R L, Sheard R W and Moyer J R 1967 Comparison of conventional and automated procedures for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium analysis of plant material using a single digestion. Agron. J. 59, 240–243.
Thorne J H and Koller H R 1974 Influence of assimilate demand on photosynthesis, diffusive resistances, translocation, and carbohydrate levels of soybean leaves. Plant Physiol. 54, 201–207.
Wareing P F and Patrick J 1975 Source-sink relations and the partition of assimilates in the plant.In Photosynthesis and Productivity in Different Environments. Ed. J P Cooper. pp 481–499. IBP Programme 3, Cambridge University press, Cambridge.