Journal of Applied Phycology

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 275–279

Toxin profiles of natural populations and cultures ofAlexandrium minutum Halim from Galician (Spain) coastal waters

  • J. M. Franco
  • P. Fernández
  • B. Reguera
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF02181938

Cite this article as:
Franco, J.M., Fernández, P. & Reguera, B. J Appl Phycol (1994) 6: 275. doi:10.1007/BF02181938

Abstract

The toxin profiles of three isolates and natural populations of the PSP agentAlexandrium minutum from several Galician rías (NW Spain) was obtained by HPLC. The toxin content of cultures ofA. minutum is dominated by GTX4 (80–90%) and GTX4 (10–15%) with small amounts of GTX3 and GTX2 (less than 3% of each); similar results were obtained for natural populations ofAlexandrium from three different Galician rías, where a mixture ofA. lusitanicum Balech andA. minutum can occur. Important quantitative differences were found between the three isolates, one being highly and two weakly toxic. The results obtained from these isolates and natural populations ofAlexandrium were very similar to those obtained from HPLC analyses of mussels intoxicated during a PSP outbreak in Ría de Ares (Rías Altas) in 1984, confirming thatA. minutum (previously identified asGonyaulax tamarensis Lebour andAlexandrium lusitanicum) was the PSP agent during the toxic outbreak in May 1984. Toxin profiles obtained from natural populations during different PSP outbreaks in different rías and from cultures are fairly consistent and suggest that at least from the toxin point of view,A. lusitanicum andA. minutum are identical, and that the toxin profile ofA. minutum from Galicia can be used as a biochemical marker.

Key words

PSP toxinsHPLC analysisAlexandrium spp.toxic dinoflagellates

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Franco
    • 1
  • P. Fernández
    • 2
  • B. Reguera
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas (CSIC)VigoSpain
  2. 2.Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Centro Oceanográfico de VigoVigoSpain