Original Paper

Molecular and General Genetics MGG

, Volume 250, Issue 4, pp 405-413

Characterisation of the double genome structure of modern sugarcane cultivars (Saccharum spp.) by molecular cytogenetics

  • A. D'HontAffiliated withCIRAD, Centre de Recherches de Montpellier
  • , L. GrivetAffiliated withCIRAD, Centre de Recherches de Montpellier
  • , P. FeldmannAffiliated withCIRAD, Centre de Recherches de Montpellier
  • , J. C. GlaszmannAffiliated withCIRAD, Centre de Recherches de Montpellier
  • , S. RaoAffiliated withWest Indies Central Sugarcane Breeding Station, Groves
  • , N. BerdingAffiliated withBureau of Sugar Experimental Station

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Abstract

Cultivated sugarcane clones (Saccharum spp., 2n=100 to 130) are derived from complex interspecific hybridizations between the speciesS. officinarum andS. spontaneum. Using comparative genomic DNA in situ hybridization, we demonstrated that it is possible to distinguish the chromosomes contributed by these two species in an interspecific F1 hybrid and a cultivated clone, R570. In the interspecific F1 studied, we observed n+n transmission of the parental chromosomes instead of the peculiar 2n+n transmission usually described in such crosses. Among the chromosomes of cultivar R570 (2n=107–115) about 10% were identified as originating fromS. spontaneum and about 10% were identified as recombinant chromosomes between the two speciesS. officinarum andS. spontaneum. This demonstrated for the first time the occurrence of recombination between the chromosomes of these two species. The rDNA sites were located by in situ hybridization in these two species and the cultivar R570. This supported different basic chromosome numbers and chromosome structural differences between the two species and provided a first bridge between physical and genetical mapping in sugarcane.

Key words

Saccharum spp. In situ hybridization Polyploidy Intergenomic recombination rRNA genes