Journal of Traumatic Stress

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 455–471

The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory: Measuring the positive legacy of trauma

  • Richard G. Tedeschi
  • Lawrence G. Calhoun
Regular Articles

DOI: 10.1007/BF02103658

Cite this article as:
Tedeschi, R.G. & Calhoun, L.G. J Trauma Stress (1996) 9: 455. doi:10.1007/BF02103658


The development of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, an instrument for assessing positive outcomes reported by persons who have experienced traumatic events, is described. This 21-item scale includes factors of New Possibilities, Relating to Others, Personal Strength, Spiritual Change, and Appreciation of Life. Women tend to report more benefits than do men, and persons who have experienced traumatic events report more positive change than do persons who have not experienced extraordinary events. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory is modestly related to optimism and extraversion. The scale appears to have utility in determining how successful individuals, coping with the aftermath of trauma, are in reconstructing or strengthening their perceptions of self, others, and the meaning of events.

Key words

perceived benefitstraumagrowthcoping

Copyright information

© International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard G. Tedeschi
    • 1
  • Lawrence G. Calhoun
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotte