Posttraumatic stress associated with delayed recall of sexual abuse: A general population study
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This study examined delayed recall of childhood sexual abuse in a stratified random sample of the general population (N=505). Of participants who reported a history of sexual abuse, 42% described some period of time when they had less memory of the abuse than they did at the time of data collection. No demographic differences were found between subjects with continuous recall and those who reported delayed recall. However, delayed recall was associated with the use of threats at the time of the abuse. Subjects who had recently recalled aspects of their abuse reported particularly high levels of posttraumatic symptomatology and self difficulties (as measured by the IES, SCL, and TSI) at the time of data collection compared to other subjects.
- American Psychiatric Association (1994).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
- Astin, M. C., & Lawrence, K. J. (1993). Posttraumatic stress disorder among battered women: Risk and resiliency factors.Violence and Victims, 8 17–28.
- Briere, J. (in press). A self-trauma model for treating adult survivors of severe child abuse. In J. Briere, L. Berliner, J. Bulkey, C. Jenney, & T. Reid (Eds.),The APSAC handbook of child maltreatment. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
- Briere, J. (1995).Manual for the Trauma Symptom Inventory. Odessa, Florida: Psychological Assessment Resources.
- Briere, J. (1992a). Methodological issues in the study of sexual abuse effects.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60 196–203. CrossRef
- Briere, J. (1992b).Child abuse trauma: Theory and treatment of the lasting effects. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
- Briere, J., & Conte, J. (1993). Self-reported amnesia for abuse in adults molested as children.Journal of Traumatic Stress, 6 21–31.
- Briere, J., & Elliott, D. M. (1994). Immediate and long-term impacts of child sexual abuse.The Future of Children, 4 54–69.
- Briere, J., Elliott, D. M., Harris, K., & Cotman (in press). The Trauma Symptom Inventory: Reliability and validity in a clinical sample.Journal of Interpersonal Violence.
- Browne, A., & Finkelhor, D. (1986). Impact of child sexual abuse: A review of the research.Psychological Bulletin, 99 66–77. CrossRef
- Butler, R. W., Foy, D. W., Snodgrass, L., Hurwicz, M., & Goldfarb, J. (1988). Combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder in a nonpsychiatric population.Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 2 111–120. CrossRef
- Elliott, D. M. (1992).Traumatic Events Survey. Unpublished psychological test, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA.
- Elliott, D. M. (1995, August).Trauma, memory loss, and subsequent recall: Prevalence and triggers to memory recall. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association. New York.
- Feldman-Summers, S., & Pope, K. S. (1994). The experience of “forgetting” childhood abuse: A national survey of psychologists.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62 636–639. CrossRef
- Foy, D., Sipprelle, R. C., Rueger, D. B., & Carroll, E. M. (1984). Etiology of posttraumatic stress disorder in Vietnam veterans: Analysis of premilitary, military, and combat exposure influences.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 52 79–87. CrossRef
- Gallers, J., Foy, D. W., Donahoe, C. P., & Goldfarb, J. (1988). Posttraumatic stress disorder in Vietnam combat veterans: Effects of traumatic violence exposure and military adjustment.Journal of Traumatic Stress, 1 181–192. CrossRef
- Herman, J. L. (1992).Trauma and recovery. New York: Basic Books.
- Herman, J. L., & Schatzow, E. (1987). Recovery and verification of memories of childhood sexual trauma.Psychoanalytic Psychology, 4 1–14. CrossRef
- Horowitz, M. J. (1976).Stress response syndromes. New York: Aronson.
- Horowitz, M., Wilner, N., & Alvarez, W. (1979). Impact of Event Scale: A measure of subjective stress.Psychosomatic Medicine, 41 209–218.
- Houskamp, B. M., & Foy, D. W. (1991). The assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder in battered women.Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 6 367–375.
- Kilpatrick & Amick (1985). Rape trauma. In M. Hersen & C. G. Last (Eds.),Behavior therapy casebook (pp. 86–103). New York: Springer.
- Kulka, R. A., Schlenger, W. E., Fairbank, J. A., Jordan, B. K., Hough, R. L., Marmar, C. R., & Weiss, D. S. (1990).Trauma and the Vietnam war generation: Report of findings from the National Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study. New York: Brunner/Mazel.
- Lindsay, D. S., & Read J. D. (1994). Psychotherapy and memories of childhood sexual abuse: A cognitive perspective.Applied Cognitive Psychology, 8 281–338.
- Loftus, E. (1993). The reality of repressed memories.American Psychologist, 48 518–537. CrossRef
- Loftus, E., Polonsky, S., & Fullilove, M. T. (1994). Memories of childhood sexual abuse: Remembering and repressing.Psychology of Women Quarterly, 18 67–84.
- Lowenstein, R. J. (1993). Psychogenic amnesia and psychogenic fugue: A comprehensive review. In D. Spiegel (Ed.),Dissociative disorders: A clinical review (pp. 45–78). Lutherville, MD: Sidran Press.
- McCann, I. L., & Pearlman, L. A. (1990).Psychological trauma and the adult survivor: Theory, therapy, and transformation. New York: Brunner/Mazel.
- Pope, H. G., & Hudson, J. I. (in press). Can memories of childhood sexual abuse be repressed?Psychological Medicine.
- Runtz, M. (1990).The influence of coping strategies and social support on recovery from child abuse. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Manitoba, Canada.
- van der Kolk, B. A. (1994). The body keeps the score: Memory and the evolving psychobiology of posttraumatic stress.Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 1 253–265.
- van der Kolk, B. A., & Fisler, R. E. (1995). Dissociation and the fragmentary nature of traumatic memories: Overview and exploratory study.Journal of Traumatic Stress, 8 505–525.
- Wakefield, H., & Underwager, R. (1992). Uncovering memories of alleged sexual abuse: The therapists who do it.Issues in Child Abuse Accusations, 4 197–213.
- Williams, L. M. (1994). Amnesia for childhood trauma: A prospective study of women's memories of child sexual abuse.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62 1167–1176. CrossRef
- Posttraumatic stress associated with delayed recall of sexual abuse: A general population study
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 8, Issue 4 , pp 629-647
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- sexual abuse
- delayed recall