, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 175-180

Nascent synthesis and secretion of cellobiase inNeocallimastix frontalis EB188

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De novo synthesis and the secretion of cellobiase fromNeocallimastix frontalis EB188 were studied. Cellobiase was secreted rapidly in cellulose switch cultures. Chemical inhibition of protein synthesis and radiotracer studies suggested secretion was dependent on nascent protein synthesis. Inhibitors of protein glycosylation also inhibited secretion. An 85,000 dalton protein (and several others) represented the principal differences in de novo synthesis between cellulose- and glucose-switched cultures. Concentrations of the 85,000 daltons protein increased with culture incubation time and ultimately accounted for 7% of the total protein secreted. This protein was purified by gel electrophoresis separations and was determined to be a cellobiase. Secretion of this cellobiase was correlated with its radiolabeling. The possibility of cellobiase induction representing a specialized gene control system inNeocallimastix frontalis EB188 is discussed.