Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 59–73

Gender-role identity and psychological adjustment in adolescence

  • Kathleen Wells

DOI: 10.1007/BF02088380

Cite this article as:
Wells, K. J Youth Adolescence (1980) 9: 59. doi:10.1007/BF02088380


The relationship between gender-role identity (traditional, androgynous, cross-gender, and undifferentiated) and psychological adjustment among adolescents was examined. Hypotheses were derived from theories of gender-role identity development. One hundred and three high school students completed a measure of gender-role identity (the Bem Sex-Role Inventory) and four measures of adjustment (three Offer Self-Image scales and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale). Findings indicate that traditional, androgynous, and cross-gender identities are each associated with some aspect of superior adjustment. Undifferentiated adolescents are poorly adjusted. When the independent contribution of masculinity, femininity, and gender-role identity to adjustment was assessed, masculinity and femininity had greater predictive power than gender-role identity. The relationship of findings to gender-role identity development is discussed.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen Wells

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