, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 709-716

Current theories of pathogenesis and treatment of nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia

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Abstract

Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) is a poorly understood condition marked by progressive intestinal ischemia leading to infarction, sepsis, and death in a high proportion of patients. The mortality rate for this intestinal disorder remains high, even when the diagnosis is made early in the disease course. This paper presents a comprehensive review of NOMI with a detailed discussion of its history, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment.