Determination of the elemental distribution in cigarette components and smoke by instrumental neutron activation analysis

  • D. Wu
  • S. Landsberger
  • S. M. Larson
Environmental Application

DOI: 10.1007/BF02055352

Cite this article as:
Wu, D., Landsberger, S. & Larson, S.M. J Radioanal Nucl Chem (1997) 217: 77. doi:10.1007/BF02055352

Abstract

Cigarette smoking is a major source of particles released in indoor environments. A comprehensive study of the elemental distribution in cigarettes and cigarette smoke has been completed. Specifically, concentrations of thirty elements have been determined for the components of 15 types of cigarettes. Components include tobacco, ash, butts, filters, and cigarette paper. In addition, particulate matter from mainstream smoke (MS) and sidestream smoke (SS) were analyzed. The technique of elemental determination used in the study is instrumental neutron activation analysis. The results show that certain heavy metals, such as As, Cd, K, Sb and Zn, are released into the MS and SS. These metals may then be part of the health risk of exposure to smoke. Other elements are retained, for the most part, in cigarette ash and butts. The elemental distribution among the cigarette components and smoke changes for different smoking conditions.

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Wu
    • 1
  • S. Landsberger
    • 1
  • S. M. Larson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear EngineeringUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA