Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 379–384

On insect attractants from pitcher plants of the genusHeliamphora (sarraceniaceae)


  • Klaus Jaffé
    • Dpto. de Biología de OrganismosUniversidad Simón Bolívar
  • Murray S. Blum
    • Department of EntomologyUniversity of Georgia
  • Henry M. Fales
    • Laboratory of Physical ChemistryNational Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
  • Robert T. Mason
    • Department of ZoologyOregon State University
  • Aivlé Cabrera
    • Dpto. de Biología de OrganismosUniversidad Simón Bolívar

DOI: 10.1007/BF02036725

Cite this article as:
Jaffé, K., Blum, M.S., Fales, H.M. et al. J Chem Ecol (1995) 21: 379. doi:10.1007/BF02036725


Examination ofHeliamphora heterodoxa andH. tatei from the Guayana Highlands of Venezuela reveals that the enol diacetal monoterpene, sarracenin, is the major volatile compound present in the spoon-shaped structures of leaves of the pitchers. In addition, erucamide, phenol, cinerone, phenylacetaldehyde, and a series of methyl esters also occur in extracts of the spoon-shaped appendages of pitchers at the time during which they attract insects.

Key words

Heliamphoracarnivorous plantspitcher plantssarracenininsect attractants
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© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995