Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 224, Issue 1, pp 27–38

Chemical characterisations of Anatolian obsidians by instrumental and epithermal neutron activation analysis

  • M. Oddone
  • Z. Yegingil
  • G. Bigazzi
  • T. Ercan
  • M. Özdogan
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF02034607

Cite this article as:
Oddone, M., Yegingil, Z., Bigazzi, G. et al. J Radioanal Nucl Chem (1997) 224: 27. doi:10.1007/BF02034607

Abstract

Obsidian is a volcanic glass which is generally black, sometimes grey, brown, red or green in colour and characterised by a glassy appearance and conchoidal fractures. It is formed by the sudden cooling of the molten, generally acid magma with high water content. Obsidian was widely used for tool-making during prehistoric times. This work concems the chemical characterisation of obsidian occurrences from Northem, Central and Eastem Anatolia by Instrumental and Epithemal Neutron Activation Analysis for obtaining an accurate “fingerprint” for discrimination of potential natural sources of raw material that would permit tracing the origin of archaeological obsidian artefacts.

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Oddone
    • 1
  • Z. Yegingil
    • 2
  • G. Bigazzi
    • 3
  • T. Ercan
    • 4
  • M. Özdogan
    • 5
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Chimica GeneraleCentro CNR di Radiochimica ed Analisi per AttivazionePaviaItaly
  2. 2.Fizik Bölümü, Fen-Edebiyat FakültesiÇukurova UniversitesiAdanaTurkey
  3. 3.Istituto di Geocronologia e Geochimica IsotopicaCNRPisaItaly
  4. 4.Jeoloji Etüdleri DairesiMTA Genel MüdürlügüAnkaraTurkey
  5. 5.Prehistorya Anabilim Dali, Edebiyat FakültesiIstanbul UniversitesiIstanbulTurkey