, Volume 20, Issue 9, pp 2291-2306

Male sex pheromone of cockroachEurycotis floridana (walker) (Blattidae, Polyzosteriinae): Role and composition of tergites 2 and 8 secretions

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Abstract

InEurycotis floridana, the male calling behavior is associated with the exposition of epidermal glands located under tergites 2, 7, and 8. 4-Hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone and 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone were recently identified as the specific components of tergite 7 secretion. Methylene chloride extracts of tergite 7 and its major compound 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone attract the conspecific females at a distance. Methylene chloride extracts of tergite 8 are also attractive at a distance to the females, whereas extracts of tergite 2 had no effect on males and females. Our GC investigations showed the absence of specific compounds in tergite 2 secretions. The GC-MS analyses revealed that the male secretion of the gland under tergite 8 is mainly a mixture of (2R*, 3R*)-butanediol, 1-dodecanol and benzyl 2-hydroxybenzoate. These compounds were tested at different concentrations on their own, or as a mixture. Only (2R*, 3R*)-butanediol and 1-dodecanol were attractive for the females. Their functions, as components of the male sex pheromone, in addition with the two derivatives of the furanone are discussed.