Chemiotropic behavior of female olive fly (Bactrocera oleae GMEL.) onOlea europaea L
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An interpretation is given of a number of observations on the chemiotropic behavior ofBactrocera oleae in connection with olive maceration water and the fly's return to the olive groves after the first summer rains. To this end, the headspace of both maceration water and leaf leaching water, simulating rainfall, were examined. In both cases, the presence of ammonia, which is generally known to attract fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae), was detected and, for the first time, in addition to other compounds that are inert for the fly, the presence of styrene was also detected. This aromatic hydrocarbon was found to be a strong attractant. It is shown that both ammonia and styrene are products of the metabolism of microbial flora present on the olive and leaf surface.
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Journal of Chemical Ecology
Volume 22, Issue 5 , pp 1027-1036
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Olea europaea
- Bactrocera oleae
- olive maceration water
- olive leaf leachate
- microbial metabolites
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Dipartimento di Chimica, University “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy
- 2. ENEA Biotechnologies Project, Casaccia, Rome, Italy
- 3. Dipartimento Discipline Scientifiche, University “Roma Tre”, Rome, Italy