European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

, Volume 12, Issue 9, pp 673–676

Prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis C virus and association with intravenous drug abuse and tattooing in a national prison in Norway

  • D. S. Holsen
  • S. Harthug
  • H. Myrmel

DOI: 10.1007/BF02009378

Cite this article as:
Holsen, D.S., Harthug, S. & Myrmel, H. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. (1993) 12: 673. doi:10.1007/BF02009378


A study was performed in order to determine the prevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies, the risk factors for HCV infection and the markers of hepatic disease in a population of prisoners. Of 101 new prisoners admitted to a Norwegian national prison over a three month period, 70 were included in the study, of whom 32 (46 %) were anti-HCV positive. Intravenous drug abuse was the predominant risk factor for HCV infection, although a history of tattooing was found by logistic regression analysis to be a significant risk factor independent of intravenous drug abuse. Most anti-HCV positive prisoners had a history of previous incarcerations. Among the anti-HCV positive subjects, increased alanine aminotransferase (>50 U/l) was found in 23 (72 %). HCV infection was the major cause of hepatic abnormalities in the study population. Only 15 (47 %) of the anti-HCV positive prisoners reported knowledge of previous hepatic disease.

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. S. Holsen
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Harthug
    • 3
  • H. Myrmel
    • 4
  1. 1.Health ServiceBergen National PrisonBergenNorway
  2. 2.Department of DermatovenereologyThe Gade Institute, Haukeland HospitalBergenNorway
  3. 3.Department of MedicineThe Gade Institute, Haukeland HospitalBergenNorway
  4. 4.Department of Microbiology and ImmunologyThe Gade Institute, Haukeland HospitalBergenNorway