The effect of immunomodulating drugs on adjuvant-induced arthritis in Lewis rats
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- Jaffee, B.D., Kerr, J.S., Jones, E.A. et al. Agents and Actions (1989) 27: 344. doi:10.1007/BF01972818
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cyclosporine A (CSA) and methotrexate (MTX) as potential immunomodulators in a nonestablished adjuvant arthritis (AA) model. Non-injected hind paw volumes were reduced when AA rats were treated for 18 dayswith CSA (100% at 10 mg/kg) or MTX (100% at 0.1 mg/kg). Body weights of drug treated AA rats were increased above untreated AA rats and were similar to non-arthritic controls. AA rats show elevated T helper (W3/25+)/T suppressor (OX 8+) cell ratios (2.0 vs. 3.1,p<0.01). The immunomodulators tested all returned these elevated ratios to control non-arthritic levels. Similarly, these drugs returned the reduced mitogen responses and elevated blood granulocyte numbers toward normal non-arthritic control values.