Minimizing the potential for nosocomial pneumonia: Architectural, engineering, and environmental considerations for the intensive care unit
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- du Moulin, G. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. (1989) 8: 69. doi:10.1007/BF01964123
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The development of pneumonia in seriously ill patients remains an important concern of intensive care medicine. The design of the intensive care unit will have a direct effect upon the potential for infection. Persons involved in this design should consider engineering and architectural elements that will ultimately contribute to lower rates of infection. These include components to regulate the atmosphere, such as ventilation systems and temperature and humidity controls. Sources of contaminated water and the amplification mechanisms need to be addressed and minimized in the final designs. Architectural elements such as treatment space and lighting encourage optimal patient management and workable staffing patterns. Personnel who treat seriously ill patients should be part of the planning and design process in the construction and renovation of intensive care facilities.