Bulletin Volcanologique

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 531–535

Volcanism on Mercury

  • G. N. Katterfeld

DOI: 10.1007/BF01961224

Cite this article as:
Katterfeld, G.N. Bull Volcanol (1984) 47: 531. doi:10.1007/BF01961224


An interpretation of theMariner 10 pictures shows that volcanic plains are largely developed on Mercury, and old and young lava covers can be distinguished occupying no less than 15% of the photographed surface of this planet. Ten and a half volcanic features attributable tovolcanic domes are visible on the pictures, the largest of which being situated at the centre ofOdin Planitia and having a diameter of 7 km and a height of about 1.4 km. The domes have been mapped on a geologic-morphologic map of Mercury (Katterfeld, 1975).

The study of newly processed photographs of Mercury and of stereopair pictures of its volcanic «maria» has led to the discovery of a huge volcano at the centre of «Martis Mare» with 110 km long diameter and a double top caldera, the diameters of the external and internal crater being 60 and 40 km respectively. The coordinates of this volcano are 21°S and 124°W.

Copyright information

© Intern. Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. N. Katterfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of PlanetologyUSSR Astronomic SocietyUSSR