, Volume 40, Issue 9, pp 953-955

Modulation of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl CoA reductase by 2,3-diphosphoglyceric acid

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Summary

Rat liver microsomal 3-hydroxy-3-methylgularyl CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase was activated by 50% at a concentration of 0.4 mM 2,3-diphosphoglyceric acid (DPG) and by 11-fold at 10 mM DPG. DPG also prevented the inactivation of HMG-CoA reductase by ATP and Mg++. Rat liver microsomal HMG-CoA reductase prepared in the presence of 1 mM DPG was significantly more active than when prepared in the absence of DPG. Activation of the enzyme by DPG and protection of the enzyme against inhibition by ATP and Mg++ by DPG were also observed with solubilized HMG-CoA reductase.

This work was supported by Research Award # 697 G2-1 from the American Heart Association, Greater Los Angeles Affiliate, and by grant # 1R01 HL22672 from the National Institutes of Health. We thank M. Brun and M. Curtis for their excellent technical assistance.