, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 342-344

Oviposition stimulants of aCitrus-feeding swallowtail butterfly,Papilio xuthus L

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Summary

A methanolic extract ofCitrus unshiu induces oviposition by females of aCitrus-feeding swallowtail butterfly,Papilio xuthus L. The chemical factors responsible for stimulating oviposition were isolated and characterized as 5-hydroxy-Nω-methyltryptamine, adenosine, vicenin-2, narirutin, hesperidin and rutin. An artificial blend of these six components elicited significant oviposition behavior, apparently identical to that induced by contact with intactCitrus leaves.