Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 18, Issue 5, pp 461–477

Predictors of gender differences in sunscreen use and screening outcome among skin cancer screening participants

  • Laurel Lockwood Hourani
  • Bonnie LaFleur

DOI: 10.1007/BF01904774

Cite this article as:
Hourani, L.L. & LaFleur, B. J Behav Med (1995) 18: 461. doi:10.1007/BF01904774


This study identified predictors of sunscreen use in males and females and examined the extent to which gender differences in sunscreen use were associated with skin cancer screening outcomes. Subjects were 351 adult Southern California residents who participated in one of five free skin cancer screenings. Logistic regression models showed that sunscreen use was significantly associated with sex, personal and family history of skin cancer, and a sun sensitivity index. The latter three factors were found to be confounders of the sex-sunscreen use relationship. Whereas female use of sunscreen was best predicted by her sun sensitivity, male use of sunscreen was best predicted by a family history of skin cancer. Screening outcomes also varied by sex, suggesting that the interrelationships among gender, family history of skin cancer, and sun sensitivity have important implications for sunscreen use, which may in turn impact clinical outcomes.

Key Words

skin cancersunscreencancer screeninggender

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurel Lockwood Hourani
    • 1
  • Bonnie LaFleur
    • 2
  1. 1.Clinical Cancer CenterUniversity of California Irvine Medical CenterUSA
  2. 2.Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Health Sciences and EpidemiologyNaval Health Research CenterSan Diego