Article

Gastrointestinal Radiology

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 331-337

Mesenteric varices: A source of mesosystemic shunts and gastrointestinal hemorrhage

  • Michael FederleAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, University of Cincinnati Medical CenterUniversity of California
  • , Robert A. ClarkAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, University of Cincinnati Medical CenterUniversity of California

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Abstract

The presence of mesenteric varices was demonstrated angiographically in 7 patients with portal hypertension. In 4 of these cases the mesenteric varices were the source of lower gastrointestinal bleeding which was successfully controlled by intra-arterial infusion of vasopressin. The radiological diagnosis and management of mesenteric varices is discussed and the pertinent literature is briefly reviewed.

Key words

Visceral angiography, indications Intestine, hemorrhage Liver, cirrhosis Portal vein, hypertension