Probing a functional role of Glu87 and Trp89 in the lid ofHumicola lanuginosa lipase through transesterification reactions in organic solvent
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- Holmquist, M., Clausen, I.G., Patkar, S. et al. J Protein Chem (1995) 14: 217. doi:10.1007/BF01886762
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To reveal the functional role of Glu87 and Trp89 in the lid ofHumicola lanuginosa lipase, site-directed mutagenesis at Glu87 and Trp89 was carried out. The catalytic performance of wild-type and mutated lipases was studied in transesterification reactions in cyclohexane at a controlled water activity. Two different acyl donors were used in the investigation: tributyrin, a natural substrate for a lipase, and vinyl butyrate, an activated ester suitable for fast and efficient lipase-catalyzed transformations in preparative organic synthesis. As acyl acceptor 1-heptanol was used. The Glu87Ala mutation decreased theVmax,app value with tributyrin and vinyl butyrate by a factor of 1.5 and 2, respectively. TheKm,app for tributyrin was not affected by the Glu87Ala mutation, but theKm,app for vinyl butyrate increased twofold compared to the wild-type lipase. Changing Trp89 into a Phe residue afforded an enzyme with a 2.7- and 2-fold decreasedVmax,app with the substrates tributyrin and vinyl butyrate, respectively, compared to the wild-type lipase. No significant effects on theKm,app values for tributyrin or vinyl butyrate were seen as a result of the Trp89Phe mutation. However, the introduction of a Glu residue at position 89 in the lid increased theKm,app for tributyrin and vinyl butyrate by a factor of >5 and 2, respectively. The Trp89Glu mutated lipase could not be saturated with tributyrin within the experimental conditions (0–680 mM) studied here. With vinyl butyrate as a substrate theVmax,app was only 6% of that obtained with wild-type enzyme.