Environmental Modeling & Assessment

, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp 281-290

First online:

Kinetic parameters for the removal of lead and chromium from wastewater using activated carbon developed from fertilizer waste material

  • S. K. SrivastavaAffiliated withChemistry Department, University of Roorkee
  • , V. K. GuptaAffiliated withChemistry Department, University of Roorkee
  • , Dinesh MohanAffiliated withChemistry Department, University of Roorkee

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The waste slurry generated in fertilizer plants in India has been converted into a cheap carbonaceous adsorbent material. The prepared adsorbent has been characterised and used for the removal of lead and chromium metals. The kinetics of adsorption and the extent of adsorption at equilibrium are dependent on the physical and chemical characteristics of the adsorbate, adsorbent and experimental system. Results of laboratory scale studies conducted to delineate the effect of such parameters on the kinetics of adsorption of metal ions are reported. Parameters evaluated include: hydronium ion concentration, temperature, initial adsorbate concentration, size of adsorbent, and amount of adsorbent. On the basis of these studies the various physical parameters such as effective diffusion coefficient, activation energies and entropy of activation are evaluated, as these provide some information regarding the mechanistic aspects. Mass transfer coefficient values suggest a rapid transport of the adsorbate from bulk to solid phase.


Activated carbon lead chromium adsorption adsorbent wastewater treatment low cost adsorbent