Environmental Management

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 133–147

The need to integrate values into environmental curricula

  • John Lemons

DOI: 10.1007/BF01868361

Cite this article as:
Lemons, J. Environmental Management (1989) 13: 133. doi:10.1007/BF01868361


Many environmental problems are controversial because of conflicting values people hold and because there is not a consensus as to which values should have precedence over others. If environmental managers are to make ethical decisions that reflect environmental values, they must have full understanding of such values and types of ethics and principles of moral reasoning to use in the decision-making process. Unfortunately, integration of values into environmental curricula has often not been explicit or comprehensive. One result is that university-trained environmental managers do not possess the knowledge, skills, and methods necessary for more ethically based decisions. An analysis of attitudes about integrating values and/or ethics into environmental curricula and approaches to do so yields the conclusion that environmental programs should more fully include teaching about values and ethics so that environmental managers can make more ethically sound decisions.

Key words

Environmental curricula Environmental values Ethics 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Lemons
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Life SciencesUniversity of New EnglandBiddefordUSA

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