Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 1–15

Influences of social groups on eating patterns: A study among young adults

  • Lisbet Øygard
  • Knut-Inge Klepp

DOI: 10.1007/BF01858171

Cite this article as:
Øygard, L. & Klepp, KI. J Behav Med (1996) 19: 1. doi:10.1007/BF01858171


The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which social groups influenced eating patterns among young adults, aged 23–26 years. The analyses are based on a study consisting of 703 individuals with social groups being made up by parents, siblings, partners, friends, and co-workers/fellow students. Perceived norms of social groups and social attachment to these groups were measured. Demographic variables included education, income, marital status, and whether participants had children. These variables were subsequently correlated with a food frequency measure. The most influential social factor for predicting eating patterns among young adults was perceived norms of partner. Educational level was also an important factor. These results support the Lifelong Openness Model which suggests that individuals remain open to persuasion from socialization agents throughout life.

Key Words

eating patternsyoung adultssocial groupseducation levelLifelong Openness Model

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisbet Øygard
    • 1
  • Knut-Inge Klepp
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center for Health PromotionBergenNorway