Evaluation of a home-based intervention program to reduce infant passive smoking and lower respiratory illness
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We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether a home-based intervention program could reduce infant passive smoking and lower respiratory illness. The intervention consisted of four nurse home visits during the first 6 months of life, designed to assist families to reduce the infant's exposure to tobacco smoke. Among the 121 infants of smoking mothers who completed the study, there was a significant difference in trend over the year between the intervention and the control groups in the amount of exposure to tobacco smoke; infants in the intervention group were exposed to 5.9 fewer cigarettes per day at 12 months. There was no group difference in infant urine cotinine excretion. The prevalence of persistent lower respiratory symptoms was lower among intervention-group infants of smoking mothers whose head of household had no education beyond high school: intervention group, 14.6%; and controls, 34.0%.
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- Evaluation of a home-based intervention program to reduce infant passive smoking and lower respiratory illness
Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume 17, Issue 3 , pp 273-290
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- respiratory disease
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of Community Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, 27514, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
- 3. The American Health Foundation, Valhalla, New York