, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 175-188

All 0–1 polytopes are traveling salesman polytopes

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Abstract

We study the facial structure of two important permutation polytopes in\(\mathbb{R}^{n^2 } \), theBirkhoff orassignment polytopeB n , defined as the convex hull of alln×n permutation matrices, and theasymmetric traveling salesman polytopeT n , defined as the convex hull of thosen×n permutation matrices corresponding ton-cycles. Using an isomorphism between the face lattice ofB n and the lattice of elementary bipartite graphs, we show, for example, that every pair of vertices ofB n is contained in a cubical face, showing faces ofB n to be fairly special 0–1 polytopes. On the other hand, we show thatevery 0–1d-polytope is affinely equivalent to a face ofT n , ford∼logn, by showing that every 0–1d-polytope is affinely equivalent to the asymmetric traveling salesman polytope of some directed graph withn nodes. The latter class of polytopes is shown to have maximum diameter [n/3].