, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 203-211

Standard error of immunological dating of evolutionary time

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The empirical variance of the immunological distance as measured by microcomplement fixation with albumin is determined. The variance obtained is at least two times larger than the mean when the mean is small and the ratio of the variance to the mean increases with increasing mean. Thus, the immunological dating of evolutionary time has a large standard error. It is shown that in bird lysozymes the relationship between immunological distance (y) and the number of amino acid substitutions per 100 sites (x) is given byy = 4.2x approximately.