pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 128, Issue 1, pp 157–193

Numerical-analytical interfacing in two dimensions with applications to modeling NTS seismograms

  • Richard J. Stead
  • Donald V. Helmberger

DOI: 10.1007/BF01772596

Cite this article as:
Stead, R.J. & Helmberger, D.V. PAGEOPH (1988) 128: 157. doi:10.1007/BF01772596


A new method for interfacing numerical and integral techniques allows greater flexibility in seismic modeling. Specifically, numerical calculations in laterally varying structure are interfaced with analytic methods that enable propagation to great distances. Such modeling is important for studying situations containing localized complex regions not easily handled by analytic means. The calculations involved are entirely two-dimensional, but the use of an appropriate source in combination with a filter applied to the resulting seismograms produces synthetic seismograms which are point-source responses in three dimensions. The integral technique is called two-dimensional Kirchhoff because its form is similar to the classical three-dimensional Kirchhoff. Data from Yucca Flat at the Nevada Test Site are modeled as a demonstration of the usefulness of the new method. In this application, both local and teleseismic records are modeled simultaneously from the same model with the same finite-difference run. This application indicates the importance of locally scattered Rayleigh waves in the production of teleseismic body-wave complexity and coda.

Key words

Scattering finite difference Kirchhoff integration NTS 

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard J. Stead
    • 1
  • Donald V. Helmberger
    • 1
  1. 1.Seismological LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA

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