Population studies of Malaysian primates
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Systematic field studies on the abundance of primates were made in five different types of forest in West Malaysia in 1970. Primate groups of 7 species were seen on 97 occasions during 527 hours of field observations. Secondary forests had the greatest primate density of any of the natural forest habitats surveyed. Estimated primate group densities varied from less than 4 groups per square mile to 40, with an average of 7.2 groups per square mile. The most abundant species was the banded leaf monkey (Presbytis melalophus) with 2.95 groups per square mile, followed by the long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) with 1.54 groups. Primary forests had a lower density which varied from less than 2 groups per square mile to 15, and averaged 5.9.P. melalophus was again the most abundant species with an average of 2.22 groups per square mile, followed by gibbons (Hylobates lar) and siamangs (H. syndactylus) each with 1.11.M. fascicularis averaged only 0.37 groups per square mile in primary forests. Primates were unexpectedly rare in mangrove forests and rubber plantations. Twenty-four primate groups were found in urban forests and parks. Twenty of these groups wereM. fascicularis, 3 were silver leaf monkeys (P. cristatus) and 1 was the dusky leaf monkey (P. obscurus). In urban areas,M. fascicularis groups varied from 7 to 44 individuals per group, with an average of 24. A great need exists for increased scientific and conservation attention for the primate populations of Malaysia.
- Anonymous, 1970.Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur. Federal Industrial Development Authority.
- Bertrand, M., 1969.The Behavioral Repertoire of the Stumptail Macaque. Bibliotheca Primatologica, No. 11, S. Karger, Basel & New York, 274 pp.
- Bernstein, I. S., 1966. Naturally occurring primate hybrid.Science 154: 1559–1560.
- ——, 1967a. A field study of the pigtail monkey.Primates 8: 217–228.
- ——, 1967b. Intertaxa interactions in a Malayan primate community.Folia primat. 7: 198–207.
- ——, 1968a. The lutong of Kuala Selangor.Behaviour 32: 1–16.
- ——, 1968b. Social status of two hybrids in a wild troop ofMacaca irus.Folia primat. 8: 121–131.
- Chiang, M., 1967. Reproductive behavior in long-tailed macaques in the Singapore Botanic Gardens. M. Sc. Thesis. Univ. of Singapore.
- Chivers, D., in press. The Malayan Siamang.Malayan Nature Journal.
- Ellefson, J. O., 1967. A natural history of gibbons in the Malay Peninsula. Ph. D. Dissertation. Univ. of California, Berkeley, California.
- Eyles, D. E., 1963. The species of Simian Malaria: taxonomy, morphology, life cycle, and distribution of the monkey species.J. Parasit. 49: 866–887.
- Furuya, Y., 1961. The social life of silvered leaf monkeys.Primates 3: 41–60.
- ——, 1962. On the ecological survey of wild crab-eating monkeys in Malaya.Primates 3: 75–76.
- Harrison, J. L., 1962. The apes and monkeys of Malaya.Malayan Museum Pamphlets, No. 9 (2nd Edition), 21 pp.
- ——, 1966.An Introduction to Mammals of Singapore and Malaya Tien Wah Press, Singapore, 340 pp.
- Laing, A. B. G., J. F. B. Edeson, &R. H. Wharton, 1960. Studies on filariasis in Malaya: The vertebrate hosts ofBrugia malayi andB. pahangi.Ann. trop. Med. Parasit. 54: 92–99.
- Lim, Boo Liat, 1969. Distribution of the primates of West Malaysia.Proc. 2nd Int. Congr. Primat., Atlanta, Georgia, Vol. 2, S. Karger, Basel & New York, pp. 121–130.
- McClure, H. E., 1964. Some observation of primates in Climax Diptocarp Forest near Kuala Lumpur, Malaya.Primates 5(4-4): 39–58.
- Medway, L. 1969.The Wild Mammals of Malaya. Oxford University Press, London, 127 pp.
- --, in press. The monkeys of Sundaland. Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. Symposium, No. 43
- Napier, J. &P. H. Napier, 1967.A Handbook of Living Primates. Academic Press, New York & London, 456 pp.
- Sanderson, I., 1957.The Monkey Kingdom. Doubleday and Company, Inc., New York, 200 pp.
- Shirek-Ellefson, J., 1967. Visual communicattion inMacaca irus. Ph. D. Thesis. Univ. of California, Berkeley, 161 pp.
- Southwick, C. H. &M. R. Siddiqi, 1968. Population trends of rhesus monkeys in villages and towns of northern India, 1959–1965.J. Anim. Ecol. 37: 199–204.
- Southwick, C. H., M. R. Siddiqi, &M. F. Siddiqi, 1970. Primate populations and biomedical research.Science 170: 1051–1054.
- Stevens, W. E., 1968.The Conservation of Wildlife in West Malaysia. Federal Game Dept. Seremban, Malaysia, 123 pp.
- Population studies of Malaysian primates
Volume 13, Issue 1 , pp 1-18
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links