Böker, D., Schultheiß, R. & Probst, E.M. Neurosurg. Rev. (1989) 12: 217. doi:10.1007/BF01743989
Long-term results of cervical interbody fusion with PMMA were evaluated in a retrospective study. X-ray films of 83 patients were obtainable. Post-operative follow-up in this series was between 15 and 20 years. The results show that PMMA is engrafted after about 2 years. Stable vertebral interbody fusion is obtained in about 90% of cases. Development of malignoma was not observed. Resorptive bone alterations, which can be seen in about 2% of cases one to two years after operation are shown not to be progressive. This process heals and stable fusion develops.